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Horn concerto [No. 1] K. 412 (386b)

Original Version and Revised Version by Mozart completed by Robert D. Levin - Urtext

By Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

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Horn solo, 2 oboes, 2 bassoons, strings (solo: hn - - - str)
Original Version and Revised Version by Mozart completed by Robert D. Levin - Urtext. Composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791). Edited by Robert D. Levin. Orchester-Bibliothek (Orchestral Library). Wind parts. Breitkopf and Haertel #OB-5557-30. Published by Breitkopf and Haertel (BR.OB-5557-30).

Item Number: BR.OB-5557-30

ISBN 979-0-004-34115-5. 10 x 12.5 in inches.

The two-movement, incompletely transmitted Horn Concerto in D major K. 412 was long considered as Mozart's first horn concerto; it is, however, his last, and was written between March and December 1791. Mozart undertook revisions in the autograph - which contains the most important orchestral parts next to the entire solo horn part - in order to adjust the work to the modest technical abilities of the planned soloist Joseph Leutgeb. Mozart revised and completed the first movement, eliminated lower notes in the solo part, rewrote difficult passages and expanded orchestral interludes to give Leutgeb additional breath rests. Mozart also made similar simplifications in the second movement as well, but his early death prevented the completion of the work.

Robert D. Levin reconstructed both versions of the concerto on the basis of the autograph. Next to the version revised by Mozart (post correcturam), he now presents the original version (ante correcturam) for the first time in a musical text revised and supplemented according to rigorous philological criteria. junge Tell (S) - Marie seine Schwester (S) - Melchtal (Bar) - Melchtals Sohn (T) - Gessler (Bar) - 2 Manner aus dem Volk Ein Soldat (BBB) - Der Reisende (T) - Die Frau des Reisenden / Die beiden kleinen Kinder des Reisenden / Surlemann / Ein alter Mann / 2 Offiziere / 2 Soldaten (Sprechrollen)
Orchester: 1(Picc).2.2.2. - 2.3Cornet.2.0.0. - Pk.kl.Tr - Str

Mit dem Todesjahr 1813 gehort Gretry ebenso zu den Jahrhundertjubilaren wie Wagner und Verdi in deren Schatten er naturlich steht. Und doch gibt es einen deutlichen Akzent zu seiner Wiederentdeckung. Das Opernhaus seiner Geburtsstadt Luttich stellt Guillaume Tell zur Diskussion. Die Oper wurde 1791 also wahrend der Franzosischen Revolution in Paris ausserst erfolgreich aufgefuhrt. Der Schweizer Freiheitsheld war dort also fast 15 Jahre vor Schillers Schauspiel schon ein Thema. Einzelne Arien aus Gretrys Oper uberdauerten dann sogar den Erfolg von Rossinis gleichnamigem Werk 1829. Nun steht in Luttich Gretrys ganzer Tell nach allzu langer Zeit auf einem mit Sicherheit viel beachteten Prufstand. (S) - Melchtal (Bar) - Melchtal's son(T) - Gessler (Bar) - 2 men of the people soldier (BBB) - tavellor (T) - tavellor's wife / tavellors' young children / Surlemann / old man / 2 officers/ 2 soldiers (speakers)
orchestra: 1(Picc).2.2.2. - 2.3cornet.2.0.0. - timp.small drum - str

Gretry's death in 1813 thrusts him into the midst of the bicentennial birthday celebrations of Wagner and Verdi whose shadow he cannot escape. Yet there is a clear trend favoring a reevaluation of this composer. The opera house of his native Liege for example is presenting Guillaume Tell for public enjoyment and discussion. The opera was greeted with exceptional enthusiasm in Paris in 1791 during the French Revolution. The Swiss freedom fighter was already a well-known character there nearly 15 years before Schiller's drama. A number of arias from Gretry's opera even survived the success of Rossini's work of the same name of 1829. Now Gretry's entire Tell faces opera lovers' long-overdue scrutiny.

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