Solo voices, choir, orchestra (Soprano Voice Solo, Mezzo Voice Solo, Alto Voice Solo, 2 Tenor Voice Solo, Bass Voice Solo, 2 Mixed choir, 2 Fl, 2 Ob, 2 bassoon, 2 Hn, 2 Trp, timpani, 2 V, Va, Bassi(Vc, double bass, bassoon, harpisc., Org)) - Level 4
Oratorio in 3 Parts. Composed by George Frideric Handel (1685-1759). Edited by Colin Timms. Arranged by Andrea Campora and Martin Focke. This edition: urtext edition. Paperback. Barenreiter Urtext. Vocal score. HWV 68. Baerenreiter Verlag #BA04085-90. Published by Baerenreiter Verlag (BA.BA04085-90).
Item Number: BA.BA04085-90
ISBN 9790006537624. 27 x 19 cm inches. Language: English, Text Language: English. Preface: Timms, Colin. Text: Morell, Thomas.
Besides theMessiah,Theodorais Handel's only oratorio with a Christian theme. In contrast to theMessiah,Theodora, which was composed in 1749 and premiered in 1750 in London , takes a dramatic plot as its basis. The setting for the action is Antioch during the time of the Emperor Diocletian.
The Christians refuse to take part in the heathen sacrificial cult, preferring to die a martyr's death. The plot concentrates on the virtuous Theodora, whom the Roman governor wants to compel to become a heathen sacrificial victim through forced prostitution. The Roman officer Didymus , who is in love withTheodoraand has converted to Christianity through her, rescues her from the Temple of Venus , at which point both are sentenced to martyrdom by the governor.
Theodorais regarded as Handel's most tender oratorio. The Christians' choruses and arias convey muted colours, and Theodora's arias are distinguished particularly through their moderate to slow tempi and their vocal inflection lost in reverie. In dramatic contrast with this are the stirring arias of the governor Valens and the choruses of the heathens who pay homage to their gods Jupiter and Venus. As so often, Handel borrowed musical material from other composers, which he elaborated into expressive arias and choruses here. In particular, the final chorus of the oratorio, which is similar to that in Bach'sSt. Matthew Passionin terms of expression, is referred to in literature again and again. Handel himself felt thatTheodorawas his most significant work.
The vocal score is based on BA 4085 (Series I, Vol. 29) of the Halle Handel Edition which makes available a complete critical version of the music for the first time. The appendix contains the versions from the 1755 and 1759 performances.
- First complete critical edition based on the Urtext of the Halle Handel Edition
- Includes all versions
- Foreword (Ger/Eng)